2012-07-15 77 views
2

我正在使用HTML 5 Boilerplate HTAccess文件,并使用选项2(Force www。)。 我现在正在试图删除文件扩展名(I,E services.php显示为服务),下面的工作正常时,在它自己的:重写WWW和文件扩展名?

<IfModule mod_rewrite> 
RewriteCond %{REQUEST_FILENAME} !-d 
RewriteCond %{REQUEST_FILENAME}\.php -f 
RewriteRule ^(.*)$ $1.php 
</IfModule> 
<IfModule mod_rewrite.c> 
RewriteCond %{HTTPS} !=on 
RewriteCond %{HTTP_HOST} !^www\..+$ [NC] 
RewriteRule^http://www.%{HTTP_HOST}%{REQUEST_URI} [R=301,L] 
</IfModule> 

但是一旦与完整的HTML5锅炉板.htaccess文件合并,文件扩展名无法正常工作(我,打字/服务给404,而不是masking作为services.php)。但www。工作正常。完整的代码如下:

# Apache configuration file 
# httpd.apache.org/docs/2.2/mod/quickreference.html 

# Note .htaccess files are an overhead, this logic should be in your Apache config if possible 
# httpd.apache.org/docs/2.2/howto/htaccess.html 

# Techniques in here adapted from all over, including: 
# Kroc Camen: camendesign.com/.htaccess 
# perishablepress.com/press/2006/01/10/stupid-htaccess-tricks/ 
# Sample .htaccess file of CMS MODx: modxcms.com 


### 
### If you run a webserver other than Apache, consider: 
### github.com/h5bp/server-configs 
### 



# ---------------------------------------------------------------------- 
# Better website experience for IE users 
# ---------------------------------------------------------------------- 

# Force the latest IE version, in various cases when it may fall back to IE7 mode 
# github.com/rails/rails/commit/123eb25#commitcomment-118920 
# Use ChromeFrame if it's installed for a better experience for the poor IE folk 

<IfModule mod_headers.c> 
    Header set X-UA-Compatible "IE=Edge,chrome=1" 
    # mod_headers can't match by content-type, but we don't want to send this header on *everything*... 
    <FilesMatch "\.(js|css|gif|png|jpe?g|pdf|xml|oga|ogg|m4a|ogv|mp4|m4v|webm|svg|svgz|eot|ttf|otf|woff|ico|webp|appcache|manifest|htc|crx|oex|xpi|safariextz|vcf)$" > 
    Header unset X-UA-Compatible 
    </FilesMatch> 
</IfModule> 


# ---------------------------------------------------------------------- 
# Cross-domain AJAX requests 
# ---------------------------------------------------------------------- 

# Serve cross-domain Ajax requests, disabled by default. 
# enable-cors.org 
# code.google.com/p/html5security/wiki/CrossOriginRequestSecurity 

# <IfModule mod_headers.c> 
# Header set Access-Control-Allow-Origin "*" 
# </IfModule> 


# ---------------------------------------------------------------------- 
# CORS-enabled images (@crossorigin) 
# ---------------------------------------------------------------------- 

# Send CORS headers if browsers request them; enabled by default for images. 
# developer.mozilla.org/en/CORS_Enabled_Image 
# blog.chromium.org/2011/07/using-cross-domain-images-in-webgl-and.html 
# hacks.mozilla.org/2011/11/using-cors-to-load-webgl-textures-from-cross-domain-images/ 
# wiki.mozilla.org/Security/Reviews/crossoriginAttribute 

<IfModule mod_setenvif.c> 
    <IfModule mod_headers.c> 
    # mod_headers, y u no match by Content-Type?! 
    <FilesMatch "\.(gif|png|jpe?g|svg|svgz|ico|webp)$"> 
     SetEnvIf Origin ":" IS_CORS 
     Header set Access-Control-Allow-Origin "*" env=IS_CORS 
    </FilesMatch> 
    </IfModule> 
</IfModule> 


# ---------------------------------------------------------------------- 
# Webfont access 
# ---------------------------------------------------------------------- 

# Allow access from all domains for webfonts. 
# Alternatively you could only whitelist your 
# subdomains like "subdomain.example.com". 

<IfModule mod_headers.c> 
    <FilesMatch "\.(ttf|ttc|otf|eot|woff|font.css)$"> 
    Header set Access-Control-Allow-Origin "*" 
    </FilesMatch> 
</IfModule> 



# ---------------------------------------------------------------------- 
# Proper MIME type for all files 
# ---------------------------------------------------------------------- 


# JavaScript 
# Normalize to standard type (it's sniffed in IE anyways) 
# tools.ietf.org/html/rfc4329#section-7.2 
AddType application/javascript   js 

# Audio 
AddType audio/ogg      oga ogg 
AddType audio/mp4      m4a 

# Video 
AddType video/ogg      ogv 
AddType video/mp4      mp4 m4v 
AddType video/webm      webm 

# SVG 
# Required for svg webfonts on iPad 
# twitter.com/FontSquirrel/status/14855840545 
AddType  image/svg+xml    svg svgz 
AddEncoding gzip      svgz 

# Webfonts 
AddType application/vnd.ms-fontobject eot 
AddType application/x-font-ttf   ttf ttc 
AddType font/opentype     otf 
AddType application/x-font-woff  woff 

# Assorted types 
AddType image/x-icon      ico 
AddType image/webp       webp 
AddType text/cache-manifest     appcache manifest 
AddType text/x-component     htc 
AddType application/x-chrome-extension  crx 
AddType application/x-opera-extension  oex 
AddType application/x-xpinstall    xpi 
AddType application/octet-stream   safariextz 
AddType application/x-web-app-manifest+json webapp 
AddType text/x-vcard      vcf 





# ---------------------------------------------------------------------- 
# Gzip compression 
# ---------------------------------------------------------------------- 

<IfModule mod_deflate.c> 

    # Force deflate for mangled headers developer.yahoo.com/blogs/ydn/posts/2010/12/pushing-beyond-gzipping/ 
    <IfModule mod_setenvif.c> 
    <IfModule mod_headers.c> 
     SetEnvIfNoCase ^(Accept-EncodXng|X-cept-Encoding|X{15}|~{15}|-{15})$ ^((gzip|deflate)\s*,?\s*)+|[X~-]{4,13}$ HAVE_Accept-Encoding 
     RequestHeader append Accept-Encoding "gzip,deflate" env=HAVE_Accept-Encoding 
    </IfModule> 
    </IfModule> 

    # HTML, TXT, CSS, JavaScript, JSON, XML, HTC: 
    <IfModule filter_module> 
    FilterDeclare COMPRESS 
    FilterProvider COMPRESS DEFLATE resp=Content-Type $text/html 
    FilterProvider COMPRESS DEFLATE resp=Content-Type $text/css 
    FilterProvider COMPRESS DEFLATE resp=Content-Type $text/plain 
    FilterProvider COMPRESS DEFLATE resp=Content-Type $text/xml 
    FilterProvider COMPRESS DEFLATE resp=Content-Type $text/x-component 
    FilterProvider COMPRESS DEFLATE resp=Content-Type $application/javascript 
    FilterProvider COMPRESS DEFLATE resp=Content-Type $application/json 
    FilterProvider COMPRESS DEFLATE resp=Content-Type $application/xml 
    FilterProvider COMPRESS DEFLATE resp=Content-Type $application/xhtml+xml 
    FilterProvider COMPRESS DEFLATE resp=Content-Type $application/rss+xml 
    FilterProvider COMPRESS DEFLATE resp=Content-Type $application/atom+xml 
    FilterProvider COMPRESS DEFLATE resp=Content-Type $application/vnd.ms-fontobject 
    FilterProvider COMPRESS DEFLATE resp=Content-Type $image/svg+xml 
    FilterProvider COMPRESS DEFLATE resp=Content-Type $image/x-icon 
    FilterProvider COMPRESS DEFLATE resp=Content-Type $application/x-font-ttf 
    FilterProvider COMPRESS DEFLATE resp=Content-Type $font/opentype 
    FilterChain  COMPRESS 
    FilterProtocol COMPRESS DEFLATE change=yes;byteranges=no 
    </IfModule> 

    <IfModule !mod_filter.c> 
    # Legacy versions of Apache 
    AddOutputFilterByType DEFLATE text/html text/plain text/css application/json 
    AddOutputFilterByType DEFLATE application/javascript 
    AddOutputFilterByType DEFLATE text/xml application/xml text/x-component 
    AddOutputFilterByType DEFLATE application/xhtml+xml application/rss+xml application/atom+xml 
    AddOutputFilterByType DEFLATE image/x-icon image/svg+xml application/vnd.ms-fontobject application/x-font-ttf font/opentype 
    </IfModule> 

</IfModule> 


# ---------------------------------------------------------------------- 
# Expires headers (for better cache control) 
# ---------------------------------------------------------------------- 

# These are pretty far-future expires headers. 
# They assume you control versioning with cachebusting query params like 
# <script src="application.js?20100608"> 
# Additionally, consider that outdated proxies may miscache 
# www.stevesouders.com/blog/2008/08/23/revving-filenames-dont-use-querystring/ 

# If you don't use filenames to version, lower the CSS and JS to something like 
# "access plus 1 week" or so. 

<IfModule mod_expires.c> 
    ExpiresActive on 

# Perhaps better to whitelist expires rules? Perhaps. 
    ExpiresDefault       "access plus 1 month" 

# cache.appcache needs re-requests in FF 3.6 (thanks Remy ~Introducing HTML5) 
    ExpiresByType text/cache-manifest  "access plus 0 seconds" 

# Your document html 
    ExpiresByType text/html     "access plus 0 seconds" 

# Data 
    ExpiresByType text/xml     "access plus 0 seconds" 
    ExpiresByType application/xml   "access plus 0 seconds" 
    ExpiresByType application/json   "access plus 0 seconds" 

# Feed 
    ExpiresByType application/rss+xml  "access plus 1 hour" 
    ExpiresByType application/atom+xml  "access plus 1 hour" 

# Favicon (cannot be renamed) 
    ExpiresByType image/x-icon    "access plus 1 week" 

# Media: images, video, audio 
    ExpiresByType image/gif     "access plus 1 month" 
    ExpiresByType image/png     "access plus 1 month" 
    ExpiresByType image/jpg     "access plus 1 month" 
    ExpiresByType image/jpeg    "access plus 1 month" 
    ExpiresByType video/ogg     "access plus 1 month" 
    ExpiresByType audio/ogg     "access plus 1 month" 
    ExpiresByType video/mp4     "access plus 1 month" 
    ExpiresByType video/webm    "access plus 1 month" 

# HTC files (css3pie) 
    ExpiresByType text/x-component   "access plus 1 month" 

# Webfonts 
    ExpiresByType application/x-font-ttf "access plus 1 month" 
    ExpiresByType font/opentype    "access plus 1 month" 
    ExpiresByType application/x-font-woff "access plus 1 month" 
    ExpiresByType image/svg+xml    "access plus 1 month" 
    ExpiresByType application/vnd.ms-fontobject "access plus 1 month" 

# CSS and JavaScript 
    ExpiresByType text/css     "access plus 1 week" 
    ExpiresByType application/javascript "access plus 1 week" 

</IfModule> 



# ---------------------------------------------------------------------- 
# ETag removal 
# ---------------------------------------------------------------------- 

# FileETag None is not enough for every server. 
<IfModule mod_headers.c> 
    Header unset ETag 
</IfModule> 

# Since we're sending far-future expires, we don't need ETags for 
# static content. 
# developer.yahoo.com/performance/rules.html#etags 
FileETag None 

# ---------------------------------------------------------------------- 
# Start rewrite engine 
# ---------------------------------------------------------------------- 

# Turning on the rewrite engine is necessary for the following rules and features. 
# FollowSymLinks must be enabled for this to work. 

<IfModule mod_rewrite.c> 
    Options +FollowSymlinks 
    RewriteEngine On 
</IfModule> 


**<IfModule mod_rewrite> 
    RewriteCond %{REQUEST_FILENAME} !-d 
    RewriteCond %{REQUEST_FILENAME}\.php -f 
    RewriteRule ^(.*)$ $1.php 
</IfModule>  
    <IfModule mod_rewrite.c> 
    RewriteCond %{HTTPS} !=on 
    RewriteCond %{HTTP_HOST} !^www\..+$ [NC] 
    RewriteRule^http://www.%{HTTP_HOST}%{REQUEST_URI} [R=301,L] 
</IfModule>** 

# ---------------------------------------------------------------------- 
# Prevent 404 errors for non-existing redirected folders 
# ---------------------------------------------------------------------- 

# without -MultiViews, Apache will give a 404 for a rewrite if a folder of the same name does not exist 
# e.g. /blog/hello : webmasterworld.com/apache/3808792.htm 

Options -MultiViews 



# ---------------------------------------------------------------------- 
# Custom 404 page 
# ---------------------------------------------------------------------- 

# You can add custom pages to handle 500 or 403 pretty easily, if you like. 
ErrorDocument 404 /404.html 



# ---------------------------------------------------------------------- 
# UTF-8 encoding 
# ---------------------------------------------------------------------- 

# Use UTF-8 encoding for anything served text/plain or text/html 
AddDefaultCharset utf-8 

# Force UTF-8 for a number of file formats 
AddCharset utf-8 .css .js .xml .json .rss .atom 



# ---------------------------------------------------------------------- 
# A little more security 
# ---------------------------------------------------------------------- 

<IfModule mod_autoindex.c> 
    Options -Indexes 
</IfModule> 


# Block access to "hidden" directories whose names begin with a period. This 
# includes directories used by version control systems such as Subversion or Git. 
<IfModule mod_rewrite.c> 
    RewriteCond %{SCRIPT_FILENAME} -d 
    RewriteCond %{SCRIPT_FILENAME} -f 
    RewriteRule "(^|/)\." - [F] 
</IfModule> 


# Block access to backup and source files 
# This files may be left by some text/html editors and 
# pose a great security danger, when someone can access them 
<FilesMatch "(\.(bak|config|sql|fla|psd|ini|log|sh|inc|swp|dist)|~)$"> 
    Order allow,deny 
    Deny from all 
    Satisfy All 
</FilesMatch> 

<IfModule php5_module> 
    php_value session.cookie_httponly true 
</IfModule> 
+2

这对我工作正常,当我把它放在一个htaccess文件。 – 2012-07-15 16:14:38

+0

对不起,我应该详细说明。它对我来说太过于自己了。但是当放置在H5Boiler板上.htaccess(其中有很多规则)时,情况并非如此。 www。正确解决,它只是文件扩展名不起作用? – 2012-07-15 16:21:07

回答

2

解决!看起来我有/有两个问题,首先是Jon Lin提出的观点。然后通过反复试验,我找出了所有的规则,直到我找到了破坏它的规则。它似乎是以下内容:

Options -MultiViews – 
1

在你的htaccess文件这部分是不正确:

<IfModule mod_rewrite> 
    RewriteCond %{REQUEST_FILENAME} !-d 
    RewriteCond %{REQUEST_FILENAME}\.php -f 
    RewriteRule ^(.*)$ $1.php 
</IfModule>  
<IfModule mod_rewrite.c> 
    RewriteCond %{HTTPS} !=on 
    RewriteCond %{HTTP_HOST} !^www\..+$ [NC] 
    RewriteRule^http://www.%{HTTP_HOST}%{REQUEST_URI} [R=301,L] 
</IfModule> 

mod_rewrite是不是一个模块,它需要mod_rewrite.c。您也可以将整个部分放在相同的<IfModule>块中:

<IfModule mod_rewrite.c> 
    RewriteCond %{REQUEST_FILENAME} !-d 
    RewriteCond %{REQUEST_FILENAME}\.php -f 
    RewriteRule ^(.*)$ $1.php 

    RewriteCond %{HTTPS} !=on 
    RewriteCond %{HTTP_HOST} !^www\..+$ [NC] 
    RewriteRule^http://www.%{HTTP_HOST}%{REQUEST_URI} [R=301,L] 
</IfModule>